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10 Common Web Application Vulnerabilities You Need to Know

This type of exposure occurs when there is faulty database protection, access misconfigurations, and incorrectly used data systems. A static analysis accompanied by a software composition analysis can locate and help neutralize insecure components in your application. Veracode’s static code analysis tools can help developers find such insecure components in their code before they publish an application. Hacking is increasingly automated and indiscriminate, so startups are just as vulnerable to attack as large enterprises. But no matter where you are on your cybersecurity journey, securing your web apps doesn’t need to be difficult.

web application vulnerabilities

Therefore, companies should do their best to keep data protected when it’s at rest and in transition. Security Logging and Monitoring Failures is the first of the vulnerabilities that are derived from survey responses and has moved up from the tenth spot in the previous iteration of the list. Many security incidents are enabled or exacerbated by the fact that an application fails to log significant security events or that these log files are not properly monitored and handled. All of these failures degrade an organization’s ability to rapidly detect a potential security incident and to respond in real-time.

How to Prevent Web Application Vulnerabilities?

Applications remain a top cause of external breaches, and the prevalence of open source, API, and containers only adds complexity to the security team. Happily, companies have started to recognize the importance of embedding security more tightly into the development phase. Here are a few best practices you can use to improve the security of your web applications. Compared to SAST and DAST, this technique is more complex to carry out, but can identify additional risks that automated tools can miss. Penetration testing is a security technique that combines dynamic scanning tools and with human security expertise to find gaps in a web application’s security posture.

What are the major types of web application attacks?

  • Malware Attacks.
  • DDoS.
  • SQL Injection Attacks.
  • Cross-site scripting (XSS) Attacks.
  • Social Engineering Attacks.
  • Botnet attacks.
  • Man-in-the-Middle (MiM) Attacks.
  • Zero-day Exploits.

The impact can range from malware execution to an attacker gaining full control of a compromised machine. According to recent research from Verizon, web application attacks are involved in 26% of all breaches, and app security is a concern for ¾ of enterprises. This a good reminder that you can’t afford to ignore web application security if you want to keep your customer data secure. Incorporating security testing as a regular part of an organization’s cybersecurity strategy is a good move.

Vulnerable and Outdated Components

BeSTORM is a dynamic application security tool (DAST) that includes a Black Box Fuzzer, enabling it to attack your network and applications the same way a criminal would. Black Box Fuzzing creates real-world scenarios before a product is launched, so weaknesses can be found in the developmental phase, and remediate before deployment. Performing regular security tests and cultivating good preventive measures when designing an application will keep cyberattackers at bay. Following good security practices will pay off in the long term and make sure you’re not worried about security all the time. This solution combines security experts’ efforts and the automation tools’ effectiveness to drive better results. This approach involves simulating cyber attacks to understand  which web application aspects are the most vulnerable.

  • In more complex scenarios, these malicious actors could maneuver the server to link to external systems, risking the leakage of sensitive info such as login credentials.
  • In order to keep track, Open Web Application Security Project® (OWASP),  provides a top 10 list of known and newly discovered vulnerabilities.
  • A successful breach can expose confidential data, create a denial-of-service error, expose server-side forgery requests, and parser machine port scanning.
  • Insecure Direct Object Reference vulnerability occurs when a web application allows users to access sensitive information directly by manipulating a parameter in a URL.
  • Cryptographic failures are a broad symptom of a breakdown or deficiency in cryptography, which can lead to system compromise or sensitive data exposure.

Another common vulnerability is a Brute Force attack, in which the attacker tries every possible character combination until they find a valid one. In theory, you can configure a scanner to detect a number of logical vulnerabilities that are specific to your setup, but in practise it is not worth. It will take you hours to figure it out, and it would still be limited to a number of logical flaws.

The Top 10 Web Application Security Vulnerabilities

Web applications have become a vital part of any business, especially as many businesses continue to realize their digital transformations. As such, web application security vulnerabilities are security risks for businesses of all sizes, regardless of industry. Cybercriminals are constantly looking for ways to exploit vulnerabilities inherent to web applications and APIs and gain access to sensitive information, including customer data. Vulnerability scanners are tools that automatically identify potential weaknesses in web applications and their underlying infrastructure. SQL is a technology allowing you to establish communication and management of databases.

web application vulnerabilities

Web applications are developed with the intention of eliminating security vulnerabilities; with penetration testing, you can find out the effectiveness of these efforts. A recent Verizon 35 Icebreakers Perfect for Virtual and Hybrid Meetings report states that 26% of all online breaches are web app attacks. That’s due to the web application nature involving multiple interactions with various networks and global user access.

As more organizations have expanded their internet presence, web application attacks have become increasingly profitable for threat actors. Recent vulnerabilities such as Log4j have also brought more intense scrutiny to web applications. If your organization hosts business-critical applications or is allowing customers to access their data through the web, it is no longer sufficient to rely simply on traditional external security assessments.

  • Quality assurance experts can use specific tools for automated dynamic analysis or conduct it manually.
  • Start with critical severity issues and work towards lower impact issues to minimize risk to your firm.
  • To really understand your risks, learn more about common types cybersecurity attacks, and how web scanners can help increase the safety of your applications.
  • For example users with the role of a chief financial officer have access to everything while accounts clerks should only have access to the financial transactions of their departments.
  • Here, we’re not focusing on the symptoms but rather the root cause – those little hiccups in cryptography, or even their complete absence, that can inadvertently lay bare sensitive data.
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